Badminton is a racquet sport played by two people (for single) or two pairs (for double) are opposite each other.

Similar to tennis, badminton aimed at hitting the ball game "shuttlecock" fall through the net for the game in a pre-determined opponent and try to prevent the opponent to do the same.

History Of Badminton Sport

The sport is played with shuttlecock and racket, probably evolved in ancient Egypt around 2000 years ago but also a mention in India and the People's Republic of China.

Previous ancestor is estimated is a Chinese game, which involves the use kok Jianzi but without the racket. Instead, the object being manipulated by the foot. Object / mission of this game is to keep really not to touch the ground as long as possible without using hands.

In England since medieval times a children's game called Battledores and Shuttlecocks are very popular. The children at the time it normally would use a paddle / stick (Battledores) and scheming together to keep really still in the air and prevent it from touching the ground. It's popular enough to become the daily nuances in the streets of London in 1854 when Punch magazine published a cartoon for this.

British resident to bring this game to Japan, the People's Republic of China, and Siam (now Thailand) as they colonized Asia. It then quickly became a children's game in their local area.

Competitive sports badminton invented by British Army officers in Pune, India in the 19th century when they added a net and play it in competition. That is why the city of Pune previously known as Poona, the game also known as Poona at that time.

The soldiers brought the game back to England in the 1850s. The sport gets its name are now in 1860 in a pamphlet by Isaac Spratt, a British toy distributor, titled "Battledore Badminton - a new game" ("Battledore badminton - a new game"). It describes the game is played at the House Badminton (Badminton House), Duke of Beaufort's estate in Gloucestershire, England.

Rencengan first regulations written by the Bath Badminton Club in 1877. Badminton Association of England was formed in 1893 and marched his first international championship was first-gear in 1899 with the All England Championships.

Badminton became a popular sport in the world, especially in East and Southeast Asia region, which currently dominate the sport, and in Scandinavian countries.

Parent organization

International Badminton Federation (IBF) was founded in 1934 and recorded the UK, Ireland, Scotland, Wales, Denmark, the Netherlands, Canada, New Zealand, and France as members of its vanguard. India joined as an affiliate in 1936. At IBF Extraordinary General Meeting in Madrid, Spain, September 2006, the proposal to rename the International Badminton Federation to Badminton World Federation (BWF) was accepted unanimously by all 206 delegates in attendance.

Badminton Game Play

Field and nets

Badminton courts, rectangular and has a size as shown in the picture. Existing lines have a thickness of 40 mm and have a color contrast to the color field. The recommended color is white or yellow lines. Recommended field surface made of wood or synthetic materials soft reply. Field surface made of concrete or a hard synthetic material is not recommended because it can result in injury to the players. Nets as high as 1.55 m was right in the middle of the field. Nets must be dark except for lip nets that have a thickness of 75 mm must be white.


* Racket

Traditionally made from wood rackets. Then, aluminum or other light metal into the selected material. Now, almost all professional badminton racket berkomposisikan carbon fiber composite (graphite reinforced plastic). Carbon fiber has great power to weight ratio, stiffness, and gives a great kinetic energy transfer. However, some models still using inferior steel or aluminum for the part or the whole racket.

* Strings

Perhaps one of the most noted in badminton is his strings. Different string types have different response characteristics. Durability in general vary with performance. Most of the 21 size and thickness strings strung with tension of 18 to 30 + lb. Personal favorite of the players play a powerful role in selection strings.

* shuttlecock

shuttlecock is the ball used in badminton, made of goose feathers arranged a series of forming an open cone, with half-ball shaped base made of cork. In practice or match official not to use too kok from plastic.

* Shoes

Because of the acceleration along the field is important, the players need the maximum grip with the floor at any time. Badminton shoes need a rubber sole for good grip, reinforced side walls for durability during attraction, and dissemination of technology shocks to jump; badminton result in rather a lot of stress (tension) in the knee and ankle.

Playing badminton

Each player or pair took opposing positions on both sides of the net in badminton court.

The game begins with one player to serve.

The purpose of the game is to hit a really use a racquet, pass through the net into the opponent territory, until the opponent can not return it back. Party game area is different for single and double, as shown in the picture. When you really fall outside the area then why say "get out". Each time the player / pair is unable to return kok (because it involves the net or out of the field) then the opponent will earn points.

The game ends when one player / pair has won a number of specific points.


Services performed from one side of the field (left or right) crosses the opponent across the net into the area. Single and dual Party has a different service area as illustrated in the figure. When you really fall outside the area then why is declared "out" and points to the service recipient.

The position of the left or right where the service is determined from the number of points have been collected by the player who will do the service. Right position for an even number of points and positions left for an odd number of points. Services from the right position is also performed when the number of points is still zero.

In the first set of players / pairs who perform services for the first time is determined by lottery, while for the next set performed by the winners of the previous sets.

For multiple party, several different rules applied to the calculation of points using the system to move the ball and rally points system:

The system moved the ball

* Before the game started, must be determined one player from each pair as the "first person". This option applies to each set being played.
* Is even or odd number of points determines the position of "first person" when performing service.
* Each partner has the opportunity to service two times (one each for each player) before moving the ball, except for the first service at the beginning of each set did not get a second chance.
* We moved the ball, the first service was always done by players who are on the right, not by "people first".

Rally points system

* Every pair only got a one-time service opportunities, there is no second service.
* Services performed by a player whose position is in accordance with the points which have been received by the couple.
* The same player will continue to serve until the next point won by opponent.

Points calculation system

Since May 2006, the official championship all parties using the rally point system to calculate 3x21. The winner is the player / pair who have won two sets.

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