Associazione Calcio Milan Italy (called AC Milan or Milan only) is an Italian football club based in Milan. They play with a red-striped uniform of black and white pants (sometimes black), so nicknamed rossoneri ("red-blacks"). Milan is the second most successful team in the history of Football Club Italy, winning the Serie A Italian Cup 17 times and five times.

The club was founded in 1899 under the name Cricket and Football Club Milan (Milan Cricket and Football Club) by Alfred Edwards, a British expatriate. As a tribute to its origins, Milan still use the English spelling of the name of the city (Milan) instead of using the Italian spelling Milano.

History (1899 to date)

Formed early


The club was founded by two British expatriates, namely Herbert Kilpin and Alfred Edwards under the name Cricket and Football Club in Milan on December 16, 1899. At that time, Edwards became the first club president Milan and Kilpin became the first team captain of Milan. Winter 1901, Milan won his first title as the Italian soccer champions, after beating Genoa CFC 3-0 in the Italian Football Championship final. In 1908, some players from Italy and the players from Switzerland who do not like the Italians and British dominance in the core of Milan's squad at the time, broke away from Milan and Internazionale form.

Period GreNoLi

In the decade of the 50s, Milan feared in world football field because it has GreNoLi trio, which consisted of Gunnar Gren, Gunnar Nordahl and Nils Liedholm. All three are players from Sweden. Gren and Nordahl sector operates in front as a striker, while supporting the attack as an attacker Liedholm shadow (playmaker). The team at this time also inhabited by a group of quality players in his era, such as Lorenzo Buffon, Cesare Maldini, and Carlo Annovazzi. The victory by the most successful AC Milan Juventus created February 5, 1950, with the score 7-1, and Gunnar Nordahl scored a hat-trick.

Nereo Rocco Era


Milan won the 1961/1962 season. His coach at that time was Nereo Rocco, an innovative football coach, known as the inventor of Catenaccio tactics (defense latch / plated). In the team includes Gianni Rivera and José Altafini which are both still young. The next season, with goals Altafini, Milan won their first European Cup (later known as the UEFA Champions League) by beating Benfica 2-1. This is also the first time an Italian team won the European Cup.

Even so, during the 1960's trophy Milan began to shrink, mainly because of heavy opposition from the Inter-trained Helenio Herrera. Next Scudetto arrived only in 1967/1968, thanks to goals Pierino Prati, top scorer in Serie A season, the Cup Winners Cup been won when they beat Hamburger SV, and also thanks to two goals from Kurt Hamrin. The next season AC Milan won the second European Cup (4-1 to AFC Ajax), and in 1969 won the first Intercontinental Cup, after defeating Estudiantes de La Plata from Argentina in a dramatic two-leg (3-0, 1-2).


Tenth Scudetto and Series B

In 1970, Milan won the Coppa Italia three titles and the Cup Winners' Cup second, however, Milan's main goal is the tenth Scudetto, which means getting "stars" for the team (in Italy, every team that won 10 league titles embeddable get a star on his shirt .) In 1972 they won the UEFA Cup semifinals, losing to the real winners, Tottenham Hotspur. 1972/1973 season they almost won the scudetto kesepulh, but failed because of the less painful than Hellas Verona FC in the last game of the season. AC Milan waited until the 1978/1979 season to reach their tenth scudetto, led by Gianni Rivera, who retired from football after leading his team to win it.


However, the worst comes to the "Rossoneri": after winning the 1979/1980 season, Milan were relegated to Serie B by FIGC, with SS Lazio, because the gambling scandal Totonero 1980. In 1980/1981, Milan won the Serie B with ease, and return to Serie A, where the disease is repeated in the 1981/1982 season, Milan were relegated again.



The Dream Team

The arrival of Berlusconi


After a string of hit Milan's problems, and make the club losing success, AC Milan was bought by Italian entrepreneur, Silvio Berlusconi. Berlusconi's Milan is a ray of hope at the time. He came in 1986. Berlusconi brought a new coach for Milan, Arrigo Sacchi, and three Dutch players, Marco van Basten, Frank Rijkaard and Ruud Gullit, to return the team to glory. He also bought other players, like Roberto Donadoni, Carlo Ancelotti, and Giovanni Galli.

Sacchi era

Sacchi won the Serie A season 1987-1988. In 1988-1989, Milan won the Champions League title three, defeating Steaua Bucharest 4-0 at the final, and his second Intercontinental Cup defeat National de Medellin (1-0, goals are created in the last extension of time). The team began to repeat their triumph in the next seasons, beating SL Benfica, and Olimpia Asunción in 1990. Squad for their European victories are:

Goalkeepers: Giovanni Galli
Defender: Mauro Tassotti - Alessandro Costacurta - Franco Baresi - Paolo Maldini
Midfielders: Angelo Colombo - Frank Rijkaard - Carlo Ancelotti - Roberto Donadoni
Striker: Ruud Gullit - Marco van Basten

Capello era

Fabio Capello


When Sacchi left Milan to train Italy, Milan coach Fabio Capello made the next, and Milan won its golden ages as Gli Invicibli (The Invicibles) and Dream Team. With 58 matches without a single defeat Invicibli make dream team in all sectors like Baresi, Costacurta, Maldini and lead the best defense, Marcel Desailly, Donadoni, and Ancelotti in the midfield, and Dejan Savićević, Zvonimir Boban, and Daniele Massaro playing in front of the sector. At the time these were trained Capello, Milan never stopped to Indonesia in the framework of a tour of seasonal and against local club Persib Bandung. The match which starts at Bung Karno Main Stadium on June 4, 1994 Milan won a landslide victory with a score of 8-0. Milan's winning goal scored by Dejan Savićević ('17) ('18), Gianluigi Lentini ('26), Paolo Baldieri ('27) ('48) ('58), Christian Antigori ('68), and Stefano Desideri.

The period of hard times (Tabarez to Terim)

1996-1997

After the departure of Fabio Capello in 1996, Oscar Washington Tabarez Milan recruit but hard struggle under his control was less successful, and they always lose in a few games early. In an attempt to regain past glory, they called back Arrigo Sacchi to replace Tabarez. Milan get a hard slap their worst defeat in Serie A, humiliated by Juventus FC in their own homes the San Siro with a score of 1-4. Milan buy some new players like Ibrahim Ba, Christophe Dugarry and Edgar Davids. Milan fought hard and end the 1996-1997 season ranked eleventh in Serie A.



1997-1998

Sacchi was replaced by Capello next season. Capello, who signed a new contract with Milan recruit a lot of potential players such as Christian Ziege, Patrick Kluivert, Jesper Blomqvist, and Leonardo, but the results are equally bad with the previous season. Ended their 1997-1998 season ranked tenth. This result is still not acceptable to the officials of Milan, and like Sacchi, Capello was sacked.


1998-1999

In their search for a new manager, Alberto Zaccheroni attract the attention of Milan. Zaccheroni is Udinese manager who had ended the 1997-1998 season ranked high in 3rd place. Milan Zaccheroni contracted with two players from Udinese, Oliver Bierhoff and Thomas Helveg. Milan also signed Roberto Ayala, Luigi Sala and Andres Guglielminpietro and with Zaccheroni favorite 3-4-3 formation, bringing the club win the scudetto Zaccheroni of the 16th returned to Milan. Starting XI is: Christian Abbiati; Luigi Sala, Alessandro Costacurta, Paolo Maldini; Thomas Helveg, Demetrio Albertini, Massimo Ambrosini, Andres Guglielminpietro, Zvonimir Boban, George Weah, Oliver Bierhoff.


1999-2000

Although successful in previous seasons, failed to transform Milan Zaccheroni such as The Dream Team first. In the next season, despite the emergence of Ukraine striker Andriy Shevchenko, Milan's disappointing their fans both in the 1999-2000 UEFA Champions League or Serie A. Milan out of Champions League early, only to win one of six matches (three draws and two loses) and end the 1999-2000 season in 3rd place. Milan does not become a challenge for the scudetto two competitors at the time, SS Lazio and Juventus.

2000-2001


In the following season, Milan qualify for the 2000-2001 UEFA Champions League after beating Dinamo Zagreb 9-1 aggregate. Milan started the Champions League with a high spirit, beat Besiktas JK from Turkey and Spanish giants FC Barcelona, ​​which at that time consisted of world-class international superstars, Rivaldo and Patrick Kluivert. But Milan's performance began to decline seriously, the series against a team (which is seen as a small / weak technically to Milan), especially losing 2-1 by Juventus in Serie A and 1-0 to Leeds United. In the Champions League second round, Milan only won once and drawn four times. They failed to beat Deportivo de La Coruña of Spain in the final game and Zaccheroni fired. Cesare Maldini, father of team captain Paolo, elected and things get better soon. Maldini's official coaching debut in Milan starts with win 6-0 over U.S. Bari, who still have the young guns, Antonio Cassano. It was also under the leadership of Maldini that Milan derby defeat arch-rivals Internazionale with incredible score 6-0, a score that is never repeated and where Serginho starring in the game. However, after this peak shape, Milan started to lose again, including a disappointing 1-0 defeat to Vicenza Calcio, with the only goal in the match scored by a Luca Toni. Apart from this result, the board of directors insisted that Milan Milan reach fourth place in the league at the end of the season, but Maldini failed and the team ended up in sixth place.


2001-2002

Milan started the season 2000-2001 with the signing of the contract more star players including Cosmin Contra and Javi Moreno who took Deportivo Alavés UEFA Cup finals. They also signed a Kakha Kaladze (from Dynamo Kyiv), Rui Costa (from AC Fiorentina), Filippo Inzaghi (Juventus), Martin Laursen (from Hellas Verona), Jon Dahl Tomasson (from Feyenoord), Umit Davala (from Galatasaray) and Andrea Pirlo (from Inter Milan). Fatih Terim was appointed as manager, replacing Cesare Maldini, and quite successful. However, after five months at the club, Milan is not in the top five league and Terim was fired for failing to meet the expectations of directors.


Ancelotti era

 Terim replaced by Carlo Ancelotti, despite rumors that Franco Baresi will become the new manager. Despite the injury problems defender Paolo Maldini, Ancelotti managed and ended the season ranked fourth in 2001-02, the last place in the Champions League. Starting XI at the time was Christian Abbiati; Cosmin Contra, Alessandro Costacurta, Martin Laursen, Kakha Kaladze, Gennaro Gattuso, Demetrio Albertini, Serginho; Manuel Rui Costa, Andriy Shevchenko, Filippo Inzaghi. Ancelotti took Milan won the Champions League title in 2002/2003 season when they beat Juventus on penalties through drama in Manchester, England. Milan was the last time prestisus earned by winning the Italian League champions in 2003/2004 season while striker Andriy Shevchenko put as top scorer in the Italian League, then the rossoneri-even more feared.



Tides 2006-2008

In the Italian League Serie A 2006/2007, Milan associated with Calciopoli scandal that resulted in the club must start the competition with a reduction of 8 points. Even so, the Italian public still proud because in the midst of the destruction of the image of Italian football from Calciopoli, Milan managed to win the football competition of the most prestigious in the world, the Champions League. Results were obtained after Milan beat Liverpool 2-1 through two goals from Filippo Inzaghi. Complete the revenge even this degree of Milan lost on penalties to Liverpool two years ago. Title scorer terbanyakpun disabet genius player Milan, Kaká to notch 10 goals. In mid-season, Milan's best players the world bring in former, Ronaldo from Real Madrid to strengthen their attacking fleet after the young striker Marco Borriello been convicted of doping. 2007/2008 season, Milan had to play in the UEFA Cup competition after only managed to rank-5 under Fiorentina with 2 points difference. In the last Serie A, Milan's 4-1 win over Udinese, but at the same time, also win over Torino Fiorentina 1-0 second place team that finally there was no change. To improve performance in the following season (2008/2009), Milan buy some new players, including Mathieu Flamini from Arsenal, and Gianluca Zambrotta and Ronaldinho, who both come from Barcelona. In half of the 2008/2009 season transfers, bring David Beckham to Milan on loan from the United States soccer club LA Galaxy.


Post-Ancelotti


Leonardo Era

At the end of the 2008/2009 season, Milan is ranked 3rd Serie A league standings, two ranks below rivals, Internazionale who won the scudetto and under Juventus. To improve this unsatisfactory result, Milan brought a young coach and former Milan player of the 90s era, Leonardo to replace the previous Milan coach Ancelotti who "moved to London", to be precise club Chelsea FC. Milan also was forced to release several players, among others:


* Kaka move to Real Madrid. The value of ± 67 million Euro transfer
* Paolo Maldini, Milan's legendary defender has decided to retire
* Yoann Gourcuff, decided to stay in Bordeaux.

The biggest problem is annoying is the transfer of the Milan players who always think twice about spending money to buy a player. In July and August 2009, Milan get two new players, that is Oguchi Onyewu, who is a former Standard Liège defender on a free transfer and Klaas-Jan Huntelaar former Real Madrid striker with a contract value of 14.7 million Euros. However, results in getting Milan in pre-season tournament reap many disappointments, newer players handed down by Milan at the time of pre-season tour only because Huntelaar Oguchi Onyewu just joined in August.


Milan started the 2009/2010 season with unsatisfactory results. Started when Milan won 2-2 draw against the Los Angeles Galaxy, etc., Milan continued to reap the negative results. Milan mired in the Champions World Football Challange 2009. In the event the Audi Cup, Milan also defeated by Bayern Munich with a score of 1-4. In fact, when facing derby August 30, 2009 against Internazionale at San Siro, Milan's embarrassing defeat by a score of 0-4, while Inter's biggest record-breaking victory at the San Siro.


Mid-October 2009, the assessment of the various parties about the performance of Leonardo as a coach who had been on the lowest point due to a series of poor performance, starting with the success of Leonardo terdongkrak lead Milan beat AS Roma 2-1 at San Siro. After the victory, Milan also reaped positive results in the Santiago Bernabéu Stadium with a dramatic victory over Real Madrid 3-2. And after that, Milan again reap victory over Chievo Verona at the Stadio Marc'Antonio Bentegodi, Chievo cage, a score of 2-1 to AC Milan's victory. On November 1, 2009, Milan defeated Parma FC at the San Siro Milan 2-0 at the same time deliver to the rank 4 standings (Zone Champions League final). On 19 November 2009, Juventus FC 0-2 defeat from Cagliari to make Milan was runner-up position under Internazionale; because, a few hours after the defeat of Juventus, Milan won the match with Catania, 2-0.


Entering the end of the Serie A season in April 2010, Milan, who was ranked third and the difference is only 4 points of the first rank kelasemen AS Roma, and only 1 point with second place Inter Milan. But in the end Milan must submit himself twice in a row from Sampdoria 2-1, and from Palermo with a score of 3-1. With the defeat, the dream of Milan to clinch the title this season vanished. In the last game at giornata Serie A 2009/2010 between Milan against Juventus, AC Milan beat Juventus Leonardo lead 3-0 at San Siro, while giving his final contribution to the rossoneri, and announced that he would stop train Milan for next season. Since the resignation of Leonardo, a lot of speculation that the opinion about the new coach of Milan, but on June 25, 2010, in Milan announced a surprise party to select new coach Massimiliano Allegri as Milan.


Allegri Era


2010/2011 season, Milan led by Massimiliano Allegri, with a variety of updates ranging from the sponsor (bwin.com replaced Emirates), to the line of players. At the end of the transfer market, bringing a surprisingly Milan from FC Zlatan Ibrahimovic Barcelona (with an option to purchase loans and 24 million euros at the end of the season), and Robinho of Manchester City.

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