Formula One GP, abbreviated to F1 (or full name is The FIA ​​Formula One World Championship), is the class of formula racing cars of the highest single seat. Consisting of a number of races known as the Grand Prix. Racing was held in a circuit or a public street in the city were closed to the public. The results define two world titles, one for drivers and one for constructors. In the race, a race car can reach speeds of 300 km / h (185 mph) generated by a machine that can reach a power of 900 horsepower at around 18,000 rpm engine speed (per 2005).

Europe is the central tradition of Formula One and remained its head until now. Now this Grand Prix has been held worldwide, with new races in Bahrain, PRC, Malaysia and Turkey. Formula One racing car is the most expensive both in terms of production and sports.

The rules are governed by the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA), based on Place de la Concorde, Paris. Current president is Max Mosley, and generally sponsored and managed by the commercial rights holder Bernie Ecclestone officially through various companies.

Formula One series has its roots in the European motorcycle grand prix series in about the 1920s and 1930s. A number of grand prix racing organization made a number of rules for the world championships before World War II. By reason of the delay due to war, world championship rider was not formalized until 1947 and lasted for the first time in 1950. Constructors' world championships followed in 1958. Formula One without a title held for years, but due to cost overruns resulting competition this competition ended in the early 1980s.

The name of this sport, Formula One, indicates that this is the sport's most advanced and competitive among other formula car racing.


Formula One world title was first won by Italian Giuseppe Farina in his car Alfa Romeo in 1950, defeating teammate, Argentine racing driver Juan Manuel Fangio. However, Fangio won the world title in 1951 and four times in the next six years. Fangio then became a legend who dominated the first years of Formula One competition.

Great Britain's world champion from the first was Mike Hawthorn, driving a Ferrari won the championship in 1958. Then Colin Chapman entered F1 as a car designer and later became the founder of Lotus, British racing green came to dominate the competition in the next few decades. Jim Clark, Jackie Stewart, Jack Brabham, Graham Hill, and Denny Hulme is a series of name riders from England and Commonwealth countries who won twelve world championships between 1962 and 1973.

In 1962, Lotus introduced a car with an aluminum monocoque, known by the term that replaces the traditional tubular frame. This discovery became the major technological advances step since the discovery of mid-engines cars. 1968 was the first time in this sport that is starting to wear sponsor Lotus painting "Imperial Tobacco" in his car.

Aerodynamic force press down (downforce) is slowly plays an important role in the design of cars, beginning with the emergence of aerofoil of the 1960s. End of 1970, Lotus introduced ground effect aerodynamics (ground effect) that produces good compression force thereby increasing the speed around the corner (this concept never previously tested by Jim Hall with the team Popularity

In 1981 known as the beginning of the Concorde Agreement, a contract binding the teams to compete until the expiration of the contract. The contract also contained about equal sharing of benefits derived from the sale of television rights. Is a sign of the FISA-FOCA War. The second Concorde Agreement was signed in 1992 and a third in 1997 which will expire at the end of 2007.

Renault F1 Team introduced the turbocharged engine in 1977 that can produce more than 700 bhp. In subsequent years, particularly 1987, Formula One cars can produce more than 1,000 bhp. FIA then impose a fuel tank capacity in 1984 and then banning turbocharged engines in 1989 to limit the speed of cars is increasing.

Early 1990 was marked by the introduction of electronic aids such as power steering, traction control and semi-automatic gearbox. FIA, because the number of complaints about the race results are determined more by technology than skill drivers, prohibiting some of these tools in 1994. Yet many observers argue that the ban on driver aids was not mean at all because the FIA ​​did not have the technology or method to eliminate these features from competition.

McLaren and Williams teams dominated the race the 1980s and 1990s. Honda and McLaren dominated much of the 1980s, while the Williams team, reinforced Renault engine won several world titles the mid-1990s. McLaren then returned in the late 1990s. The battle between Senna and Prost legend into the limelight in the spring of 1988 and continued until late 1993 when Prost states to retire. Ayrton Senna was tragically killed in a collision in the San Marino F1 Grand Prix 1994. Since then FIA has taken many steps to improve safety standards. No drivers who died in the race since then.

Racers from McLaren, Williams, Renault (formerly Benetton) and Ferrari is a top team that won four world titles from 1984 to date. Because of advances in technology since the 1990s, the cost of Formula One competition is also increasing. These two things lead to other teams had difficulty not only to survive in the competition but to stay in business. Financial problems led to several teams to withdraw. Since 1990, 28 teams had withdrawn from Formula One competition. One of them happened lately is the resignation of Jordan team.

Modern F1

Many records have been solved in the competition in the 21st century, especially in the hands of German driver Michael Schumacher and Alonso SpanyolFernando young drivers. Earlier in the year 2000 was the year Michael Schumacher's dominance and Ferrari teams. In 2001, Schumacher broke the record for most victories; the previous record held by Alain Prost, with 51 victories. In 2002, Schumacher claims a record of the earliest champions by winning the French F1 Grand Prix 20,022,003, Schumacher claimed his world championship title that to-6, beating the previous record holder Juan Manuel Fangio who holds the world title five times. His record is now the seventh world title.

In 2003 Fernando Alonso became the youngest driver to occupy the first position (pole position) when he led qualifying at the Malaysian F1 Grand Prix 2003. In that year he became the youngest driver to win the Grand Prix series when he won the Hungarian series. in July of that year. Despite years of strong dominance of Ferrari, McLaren's Kimi Räikkönen who drove had a great chance to win the world title in the series 2003. Juan Pablo Montoya driving a Williams also has a big chance in 2003.

Strong dominance Ferrari reached the turning point on 25 September 2005, when Fernando Alonso won the world championship series in 2005 with a finish in 3rd place in the Brazilian F1 Grand Prix in 2005 and also broke the record for youngest world champion replaces the previous record holder Emerson Fittipaldi of Brazil. Michael Schumacher previously held the title of world champion for more than 1,800 days.

Qualifying format changed several times in the competition in 2003. One of them is imperative for drivers to start the race with the same amount of fuel after qualifying, forcing the team to seek new strategies. Other regulatory restrictions on the use of the same engine for two races.

Drivers who replace the engine will get a penalty to start the race from the rear most position. Racers are also not allowed to change tires during the race, except to replace a damaged tire so it can be risky to the safety of racers.

Some races in the 21st century also has some controversial and scandalous. In the Australian series in 2002, Rubens Barrichello, Schumacher's teammate at Ferrari who was leading was ordered to allow Schumacher to take over the leadership race. The FIA ​​later responded by banning team orders on the new regulations. In the United States Grand Prix F1 circuit, 2005 in Indianapolis, the competition is only followed by three teams of all 10 teams when the tire manufacturer Michelin tires to inform you that homemade is not safe enough for use in the race, causing all the teams that use its tires not to follow the race. That is because the FIA ​​refused to change the rules regarding the tire.

Beginning in 2000, the administrative body of Formula One head Bernie Ecclestone has made a number of trademarks including the official logo and the official web site to give Formula One corporate identity.

Year 2005 marks the end of the 10-cylinder engine that is used for more than two decades. The new eight-cylinder engine is planned to be introduced early in the season of 2006.

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  1. Nice information. Formula 1 racing is really cool. I love seeing the races and I enjoy them a lot.

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