Juventus Football Club (from Latin: iuventus: youth, pronounced [juvɛntus]), commonly referred to as Juventus and popular with the name of Juve, is a professional football club based in the Italian city of Turin, Piedmont, Italy. The club was founded in 1897 and has sailed a variety of sweet history, with the exception of events 2006-2007 season, in the Italian series A-League. The club itself is one subsidiary of the Fiat Group, which is currently owned by the Agnelli family, and oversees other companies such as Fiat Automobile, Ducati Corse (including racing team Ducati MotoGP and WSBK), Scuderia Ferrari F1 team, Ferrari Corse, Automobile and Maserati.

Juventus is the most successful club in the history of the Italian league Serie A with Raihan-27 title (Scudetto), and is also listed as one of the most successful club in the world. Referring to the International Federation of Football History and Statistics, an international organization which is affiliated to FIFA, Juventus became the best club in the 20th century Italy, and become Italy's second best club in Europe in the same time.

Overall, this club has won 51 official championship. With details of 40 in Italy, and 11 in the UEFA zone and the world. At the same time making it as the third most successful club in Europe, and sixth in the world, with world titles recognized by the six football confederations organization, and of course FIFA.

The club became the first club of Italy and Southern Europe who managed to win the UEFA Cup (now renamed the Europa League.) In 1985, Juventus became the only club in the world that managed to win the championship trophy all international and national league championships, and became the first European club that is able to master all the UEFA championships in one season.


Juventus also become one of Italian football club with the largest number of fans, and there are an estimated 170 million people worldwide who also became fans of Juventus. The club became one of the creators of the idea of ​​the European Club Association, formerly known as the G-14, which contains rich European clubs. The club was also the largest contributor to the Italian national team player.

Since 2006 the club is based at the Stadio Olimpico in Torino. Their old headquarters of the Stadio delle Alpi stadium, being in a massive overhaul that is expected to be completed in early 2011-2012 season, where will its name be changed to Juventus Arena.




History


Juventus was founded under the name Sport Club Juventus in mid-1897 by students from Massimo D'Azeglio Lyceum school in Turin [, but later changed its name to Foot-Ball Club Juventus two years later.  The club joined the Football Championship Italy in 1900. In that period, this team is wearing pink and black pants. Juve won the series-A debut in 1905, when they played at the Stadio Motovelodromo Umberto I. There, the club has changed color to black and white outfit, inspired by the English club Notts County.

In 1906, several players suddenly wants Juve Juve out of Turin. Juve president at that time, Alfredo Dick upset and he decided to leave to form a rival team called FBC Torino which then makes Juve vs. Torino as the Derby della Mole. Juventus itself turned out to still exist even though there are divisions, can survive even after World War.




King of Italy

FIAT owner, Edoardo Agnelli took over control of Juventus in 1923, where later he built a new stadium.  This gives a new spirit to Juventus, where the 1925-26 season, they managed to become Scudetto by beating Alba Roma with an aggregate 12-1 . In the era of the 1930s, the club has become a super club in Italy by winning the title five consecutive times from 1930 to 1935, under coach Carlo Carcano , and several star players such as Raimundo Orsi, Luigi Bertolini, Giovanni Ferrari and Luis Monti.


Juventus moved to the Stadio Comunale cage, but in the late 1930s and in the early 1940s they failed to rule Italy. Even they must acknowledge their team shirts, AC Torino.

After World War II, Gianni Agnelli was appointed honorary president. The club then add two series-A title in 1949-50 and 1951-52, under the coaching of the English, Jesse Carver.

Two new striker signing in 1957-58 season; a Wales named John Charles and mulatto Italian-Argentine Omar Sivori, who played with the old courtier like Giampiero Boniperti. This season, Juve again victorious in the series-A, and became the first Italian club to get the honor because the star has won 10 A-League title series. In the same season, Omar Sivori was elected the first Juventus player to win a European Player. Juve also managed to win the Coppa Italia after defeating ACF Fiorentina in the final. Boniperti retired in 1961 as top scorer of all time best Juventus with 182 goals in all competitions which he followed with Juventus.

In the era of the 1960s, Juve won only once the A-series that is in season 1966-67. But in the era of the 1970s, Juve returned to find his identity as the best club of Italy. Under the coaching of former players Čestmír Vycpálek Juve, Juve managed to add two Serie A titles in 1971-72 and 1972-73 seasons, with star players like Roberto Bettega, Franco and José Altafini Causio. Furthermore, they managed to add two more titles with defender Gaetano Scirea. And with the inclusion of a great coach named Giovanni Trapattoni, Juve managed to extend their domination on the era of the 1980s.

European rule

Trapattoni era cold hands actually make the series-A helter skelter in the 1980s.] Juve are very powerful in that era, with the A-series title four times in that era. The peak was in 1982 where Juve became the club's first A-series that managed to win the A-series 20 times, and that means they can add a star on his T-shirt once again. Paolo Rossi, one of the Juve players even elected to the European Footballer in 1982, shortly after the ongoing 1982 World Cup.


After Rossi, a man named Michel Platini's France is surprisingly managed to become Europe's best player three times in a row: 1983, 1984 and 1985, where until now there is no player who could match him. Juventus became the only club that can deliver the best European players into the player as much as four consecutive years. Platini also became a star when Juve managed to become European Champions League in 1985 with one goal only wayangnya donations. Tragically, the final against Liverpool FC of England, which ran at the Heysel Stadium Belgium, have paid dearly in death of 39 Juventus tifoso involved unrest caused by the hooligans from Liverpool. As punishment, banned English teams to follow all the European championship for five years. At the end of the 1980s, Juve failed to show best performance, they should recognize the benefits of Naples with star Diego Maradona, and the rise of two teams of Milan, AC Milan and Inter Milan. In 1990, Juventus moved to the Stadio delle Alpi cage, which was built for the 1990 World Cup preparations.



Today

Former Juventus player era of the 1970s, Fabio Capello was appointed as coach of Juventus in 2004. He brought his team won two series-A season in season 2004-05 and 2005-06. Unfortunately, in May 2006 Juve out to be one series-A club that involved fixing scandal with AC Milan, AS Roma, SS Lazio, and ACF Fiorentina. Juve hit by sanctions berat, where they were forced on the degradation of the series-B for the first time in history. Two titles that brought Capello also be given willingly to be revoked.


Under the young manager of France, Didier Deschamps and his loyal players such as Gianluigi Buffon and Pavel Nedved, Juventus became a super team in the series-B and with the results as a champion of the series-B for the first time, Juve back into the series-A in the 2007-08 season. Claudio Ranieri appointed Juventus coach Deschamps hostile question after paying salaries. Unfortunately age Ranieri did not last too long after she failed to bring Juve champion in season 2008-09.jantan other Juve players, Ciro Ferrara began to charge Juve in the final two games the 2008-09 season and continue his position for the 2009-10 season, but Ferrara was not can survive long, because in January 2010 he failed to bring Juve doing better after aground in the Champions League group stage. He was eventually replaced by Alberto Zaccheroni. Zaccheroni handles Juventus until the end of the 2009-10 season and then he was replaced by Luigi Del Neri.


Colors, logos, and nicknames

Juventus have played wearing a black costume and white zebra style since 1903. Originally, Juve played wearing a pink costume, but for one reason or another, one of the Juve players instead come up with striped clothes. Juve finally memutuska to switch costumes become black and white striped.


Juventus then ask the players who wear striped shirts, that is an Englishman named John Savage, if he can contact his friends in England who could supply the costumes Juve with these colors. He immediately contacted his friend who lives in Nottingham, which became Notts County supporters, to send a black-and-white striped costumes to Turin, and his friend was menyanggupinya.

Official Logo Juventus Football Club has undergone various changes and modifications since 1920. Last modification is in season 2004-05. At which time they change the logo into an oval, with five vertical lines, and the bull which was formed in a silhouette. Before the 2004-05 season, Juve have a blue symbol (which is another symbol of Turin). Also added are also two stars who described them as the only club capable memenagi series-A title 20 times. While in the era of the 1980s, more Juve logo adorned with the silhouette of a zebra, zebra team described them as strong in the A-series.

In the course of its history, Juventus has had several nicknames, la Vecchia Signora [1] (the Old Lady in English or "the Old Lady" in Indonesian) is one example. The word "old" (old) part of the name of Juventus, which means "youth" (youth) in Latin. The name is taken from the age of the Juventus players are very young in the era of the 1930s. The name "Lady" (mistress) is part of the designation of the tifoso when calling Juve before the era of the 1930s. The club also earned the nickname la Fidanzata d'Italia (the Girlfriend of Italy in English or "Italian Girlfriend" in Indonesian), because for several years, Juve are always supplying new players from the area south of Naples or Itala like Palermo, where in addition to play as a football player, they also worked for Fiat since the early 1930s. Another name Juve is: I Bianconeri (the black-and-whites, or Si Belang) and Le Zebre (the zebras, or The Zebra), which refers to the color of costumes Juventus.





Stadium


After their first two seasons (1897 and 1898), where Juve play in the Parco del Valentino and Parco Cittadella, next matches in the title in the Piazza d'Armi Stadium until 1908, except in 1905 when the name of the Scudetto was introduced for the first time, and in 1906, where Juve play at Corso Re Umberto.

From 1909 to 1922, Juve played in Corso Sebastopoli Camp, and then they moved to Corso Marsiglia Camp where they survived until 1933, and won four league titles. At the end of 1933 they played at the Stadio Mussolini prepared for the 1934 World Cup. After WWII, the stadium was renamed Stadio Comunale Vittorio Pozzo. Juventus play their home games there for 57 years with a total game as much as 890 times. [39] Until the end of July 2003 where it was used as the official Juve could exercise.

From 1990 until the end of the 2005-06 season, Juve's Delle Alpi stadium use, the cage they were originally built for the 1990 World Cup, once in a while Juve also use others such as Renzo Barbera stadium in Palermo, Dino Manuzzi in Cesena and the San Siro in Milan.


August 2006 Juve return to play at the Stadio Comunale, now known by the name the Olympic Stadium, after the Stadio Delle Alpi is used and then renovated for the Olympic Winter Games Turin 2006.

In November 2008 Juventus announced that they will invest the funds of € 100 million to build a new stadium at the former Stadio Delle Alpi land. In contrast to the Delle Alpi, Juventus new stadium does not include a running track, and the distance between the audience with only 8.5 meters field only, similar to the majority of stadiums in England, where capacity is estimated to contain 41,000 seats. This work begins in the spring of 2009, and is expected to be completed early in 2011-12 season



Supporting


Juventus is one of the football club with the largest number of supporters in Italy, with the number tifoso nearly 12 million people (32.5% of the total tifosi ball in Italy), refers to research conducted in August 2008 by the daily La Repubblica, and is one of the club with the largest number of supporters in the world, with the number of fans nearly 170 million people  (43 million people in Europe), the rest is in the Mediterranean, the Most filled by Italian immigrants. Turin team also has a pretty big fan club around the world, one in Indonesia through Juventini Indonesia.


Cage match tickets Juve did not always run out every time Juve play in the series-A or European Indeed, most fans of Juventus in Turin to support their favorite teams through the bars or restaurants. Outside Italy, Juventus is very strong supporters strength. Juve are also very popular in Northern Italy and the island of Sicily, and became a great power when Juventus play away games, more than the supporters in Turin itself.

For the Indonesian region alone since the beginning of the 2006-07 season has been established a special community for fans of Juventus, with the name of Juventus Club Indonesia (JCI). This community later recognized as the only official fan club Juventus for Indonesia at the beginning of the 2008-09 season after a nearly three-year battle to obtain a license from Italian side Juventus


Rivalry


Juventus have several major in Italy. First is the club derby, Torino FC, ​​where every game versus derby Juve always dubbed Derby della Mole (Derby of Torino), which started since the year 1906 where the funnies Torino itself was founded by former Juventus player. Another rival Juve in Italy is Internazionale; match vs. Juventus. Inter dubbed as the Derby d'Italia (Derby of Italy). Until the end of the 2006 season when Juve was thrown into the series-B, Inter and Juventus are two teams that have never relegated to a series-B. The two clubs also became the club with the greatest fans in Italy, since the mid-1990s. Juve also have a rival with AC Milan, [48] AS Roma and AC Fiorentina


As for the European region itself, the main rivals Juventus are from the UK Manchester United FC and FC Bayern Munich of Germany, both of which are very often met in the Champions League of Europe. Another main rivals Juventus in Europe is Liverpool FC. Special Liverpool, Juve tifosi will never forget the tragedy of Heysel riot 1985 (Champions League final 1985), where about 30 people over Juventus supporters were killed in a stadium that was in Belgium it.


President of the club

Juventus has a long history of leadership in the hands of a club president, some of them there who became president and owner (of the Agnelli family), some others there who is honorary president, the following is the full list



Achievements and awards


Overall, Juventus is the most successful club in Italy with Raihan title 40 national titles in Italy, and one of the most successful club in the world, with Raihan 11 international titles,  with Raihan record nine titles and two UEFA FIFA.  make them as a third club success in Europe  and also the world, where it has been recognized with certainty by the UEFA and FIFA, along with world soccer's six confederations.


Juventus has won 27 titles, series A, and a record for the most up to date, and also become its own record when Juve dominated the fifth consecutive season series-A of the 1930-31 season until 1934-35. They also have won the Italian Cup nine times, and become a record until today.

Juventus became the only Italian football club who have earned two stars as they sign the A-series has won more than 20 times. Get their first star in the 1957-58 season when Juve managed to win the series-A for the tenth time, and the second in 1981-82 when Juventus won the series-A for the twentieth time. Juventus is also the first Italian club to win a double (series-A and Coppa Italia) twice, ie in 1959-60 and 1994-95.

Juventus tercatatkan well as the club's first and only one in the world who managed to win the championship title of the official,  which is recognized by FIFA, Juventus won the UEFA Cup three times, share the record with Liverpool and Inter Milan.

Turin club occupies the position of 7-but-top for the Italian club in the list of FIFA Century Club 20 which was announced on December 23, 2000.

Juventus also gain status as World's Club Team of the Year twice, exactly in 1993 and 1996, and rank 3 in Club Ranking Throughout the period (1991-2008) by the International Federation of Football History & Statistics.



Records and statistics club


Alessandro Del Piero Juve player holds the record as the most widely featured in the game (600 times until May 10, 2009). He took over the position of Juve legend, Gaetano Scirea on March 6, 2008 as against Palermo. Giampiero Boniperti holds the record as a player who many appear in the A-series with 444 appearances.


When calculated with all official competitions which followed Juventus, Alessandro Del Piero Juve holds the record as top scorer with 241 goals to 19 May 2008, the first since he joined in 1993. Giampiero Boniperti, who had occupied that position with 182 goals followed in second place, but statistically it is still the highest top scorer in the Champions Series-A to June 2007.

In the 1933-34 season, Felice Placido Borel II ° scored 31 goals in 34 appearances, making a personal record for himself and Juventus in a season. Ferenc Hirzer become top scorer ever in a season with 35 goals in 26 appearances in 1925-26 season (a record also for Italian football.) Created the most goals by one player is 6 goals achieved by Omar Enrique Sivori when Juventus against Inter Milan in the 1960-61 season.


First official game, followed by Juventus was the Third Federal Football Championship, which is the forerunner of the series-A, against the Torinese where Juve lost 0-1. The biggest victory was against Juve printed Cento with a score of 15-0 in the second round of the Coppa Italia in the 1926-27 season. In the series-A alone, Fiorentina and Fiumana are two clubs who had defeated Juve with a big score, each club lost to Juve with a score of 11-0 in the 1928-29 season. Suffered the biggest defeat of Juventus when they undergo 1911-12 season (against AC Milan lost by a score of 1-8) and 1912-13 season (against rivals AC Torino lost by a score of 0-8).

The Old Lady holds the record as a team with the biggest score goals throughout the season, in all competitions, precisely at the 1992-93 season with a total of 106 goals throughout the season. Sales Zinedine Zidane to Real Madrid in 2001 became the world record with a value of £ 46 million before the break by Cristiano Ronaldo, who also moved to the same club with a value of £ 82 million.

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